In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
The Quran is the word of Allah, The Almighty. The very intellect which enables us to listen and comprehend the Quran as a form of speech is but one bounty of Allah bestowed upon us. Whenever any verse of the Quran is recited or listened to, conscientious oneself that this is the speech of Allah. If one brings this consciousness within oneself, then one will show respect and reverence to the Quran. Consider the importance of listening to the Quran from the following.
The first word revealed to our beloved prophet Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam was “إقرأ”, which means “To read”. The very first revelation “Iqra” illustrates the importance of reading the Quran. However, the command to read was preceded by Rasulullah salallahu ῾alayhi wasallam listening to Jibrail alayhi salām saying “Iqra”. Hence, listening to the Quran is equally important to reciting the Quran.
Imam Ahmad rehmatullah ῾alayh reports a hadīth on authority of Sayiduna Abu Huraira radiallah ῾anhu that Rasulullah salallahu ῾alayhi wasallam said, Whosoever attentively listens to an Ayah from the book of Allah High and Mighty, then a multiple reward is written in his account, and one who recites it, then he shall have a Nūr (light) on the day of reckoning. (Masnad Ahmad Vol. 14 Pg. 191).
Allah says in the Quran, وَإِذَا قُرِئَ الْقُرْآنُ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ وَأَنْصِتُوا And when the Quran is recited, then listen attentively to it and remain quiet… (Quran Surah Al-῾arāf, v. 204)
In this verse, two primary etiquettes have been assigned to listening of Quran.
1 – Istima – To intentionally listen with attention and consideration.
2 – To remain quiet. This instruction would require that one leaves all futile activities and remain quiet in order to pay attention to what is being recited.
If someone wishes to address us and seeks our attention, it will be rude not to listen, or to listen without paying attention and consideration to what is being said. The Quran is the speech of Allah addressed to us. When the Quran is being recited, it is disrespectful to ignore the Quran or not pay attention to the recitation.
The Ulama state that the listener should,
make an effort to be in state of purity. His body should be clean from ritual impurity (i.e he should be in state of wudhu) and his clothes should be clean from any filth.
listen to Quran with respect and full attention.
not engage in other futile activity that would make us unmindful of Quran. (like laughing, talking etc.).
reflect upon the meaning of Quran.
make sure that one does not play the Quran in place where other people would disregard the recitation. It is better not to put the Quran in audible voice in such areas.
May Allah Taala grant us the Taufīq to inculcate in us the adab of Quran, Ameen. And Allah Taala Knows Best,
Faisal bin Abdul Hameed Student, Darul Iftaa